A New History of Documentary Film Second Edition

Edition: 2nd
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 2012-04-26
Publisher(s): Bloomsbury Academic
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A New History of Documentary Film, Second Edition offers a much-needed resource, considering the very rapid changes taking place within documentary media. Building upon the best-selling 2005 edition, Betsy McLane keeps the same chronological examination, factual reliability, ease of use and accessible prose style as before, while also weaving three new threads - Experimental Documentary, Visual Anthropology and Environmental/Nature Films - into the discussion. She provides emphasis on archival and preservation history, present practices, and future needs for documentaries. Along with preservation information, specific problems of copyright and fair use, as they relate to documentary, are considered. Finally, A History of Documentary Film retains and updates the recommended readings and important films and the end of each chapter from the first edition, including the bibliography and appendices. Impossible to talk learnedly about documentary film without an audio-visual component, a companion website will increase its depth of information and overall usefulness to students, teachers and film enthusiasts. >

Author Biography

Betsy A. McLane is Director Emerita of the International Documentary Association. She has taught courses on film and documentary at Loyola Marymount University, the University of Vermont, Emerson College and the University of Southern California. She is a Past President of the University Film and Video Association.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Some Ways to Think About Documentaryp. 1
Descriptionp. 1
Definitionp. 4
Intellectual Contextsp. 7
Pre-Documentary Originsp. 9
Books on Documentary Theory and General Histories of Documentaryp. 18
The Work of Robert and Frances Flahertyp. 21
The Flaherty Wayp. 34
The Flaherty Legacyp. 36
Chapter Related Filmsp. 39
Chapter Related Booksp. 39
The Soviets and Political Indoctrination, 1922-1929p. 41
Reportage/Newsreelp. 42
Compilationp. 48
Epicp. 51
Fiction and Documentaryp. 51
The Fiction Filmsp. 52
Chapter Related Filmsp. 55
Chapter Related Booksp. 56
The European Avant-Garde Experimentation, 1922-1929p. 57
Aesthetic Predispositionsp. 57
Avant-Garde and Documentaryp. 59
Three City Symphoniesp. 63
Changes in the Avant-Gardep. 68
Chapter Related Filmsp. 70
Chapter Related Booksp. 70
Institutionalization: Great Britain, 1929-1939p. 73
Background and Underpinningsp. 73
The Systemp. 75
The Filmsp. 79
Grierson and Flahertyp. 87
Grierson's Contributionp. 89
Chapter Related Filmsp. 91
Chapter Related Booksp. 91
Institutionalization USA, 1930-1941p. 93
The March of Timep. 96
Government Documentariesp. 99
Non-Government Documentariesp. 107
Conclusionsp. 110
Dénouementp. 112
An Aside to Concludep. 113
Chapter Related Filmsp. 114
Chapter Related Booksp. 115
WWIIp. 117
Part A: Great Britainp. 117
Early Daysp. 118
Indoctrinationp. 120
Social Documentaryp. 124
Records of Battlep. 126
Part B: Canadap. 130
Founding of National Film Boardp. 131
Theatrical Seriesp. 132
Nontheatrical Filmsp. 135
Summaryp. 136
Part C: United Statesp. 137
Trainingp. 138
Indoctrination - Why We Fightp. 139
Records of Battlep. 143
Social Documentaryp. 146
Comparisons: Great Britain, Canada, United Statesp. 149
Chapter Related Filmsp. 153
Chapter Related Booksp. 153
Post-war Documentary, 1945-1961p. 159
Personnel and Leadershipp. 162
Sponsorshipp. 167
USIA Filmsp. 167
Canadap. 171
Subjectsp. 172
Internationalismp. 173
Approaches and Techniquesp. 176
Observationsp. 176
Chapter Related Filmsp. 181
Chapter Related Booksp. 182
Documentary for Television, The 'Golden Years,' 1951-1971p. 185
Historical Backgroundp. 186
Documentary Seriesp. 188
Special Characteristics of Television Documentaryp. 196
Chapter Related Filmsp. 200
Chapter Related Booksp. 201
British Free Cinema and New American Cinema, 1953-1960p. 203
Critical Backgroundp. 204
Free Cinema Filmsp. 208
The United Statesp. 211
Chapter Related Filmsp. 217
Chapter Related Booksp. 217
Cinéma vérité, direct cinema, 1958-1970p. 219
Historical Backgroundp. 220
New Technology and First CV/Directp. 222
Direct cinema vs. cinéma véritép. 231
Effects on Documentary Subjects and Stylesp. 233
Frederick Wisemanp. 237
Conclusionp. 239
Chapter Related Filmsp. 240
Chapter Related Booksp. 241
The 1970s: Power to the Peoplep. 243
Some Established Filmmakersp. 244
New Directions in CV/Directp. 250
Political Emphases and Vietnamp. 255
Newsreel Collectivesp. 257
Feminist Resurgencep. 259
Challenge for Changep. 262
Public Access Televisionp. 263
Other Emerging Organizationp. 265
Chapter Related Filmsp. 268
Chapter Related Booksp. 269
Video Arrivesp. 271
Cable and Satellite Technologyp. 274
Personal Essay Filmp. 277
Compilationp. 279
Strictly Politicalp. 283
Social and Ethnic Minoritiesp. 285
Representing Gay and Lesbian Culturep. 292
Chapter Related Filmsp. 298
Chapter Related Booksp. 299
Reality Bytesp. 301
Business and Technology: The Bad and The Goodp. 302
American Public Televisionp. 306
Archival Documentaryp. 308
The Ken Burns Phenomenonp. 312
Canada Soldiers Onp. 316
Developments in the UKp. 317
American Independentsp. 322
Chapter Related Filmsp. 327
Chapter Related Booksp. 329
Documentary Tradition in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 331
Werner Herzogp. 335
Steve James, Alex Gibney, Davis Guggenheimp. 337
Erroll Morris, Sinofsky & Berlinger, Stanley Nelsonp. 342
Women Documentariansp. 346
Experimental Documentaryp. 351
Theatres and Festivalsp. 357
Chapter Related Filmsp. 361
Chapter Related Booksp. 362
Now and Whenp. 363
Aesthetics and Contentp. 365
Financep. 368
Documentary Un-realityp. 370
Peter Watkinsp. 375
Intimate Doings of Realityp. 377
Academic Approachesp. 379
Emergent Technologiesp. 381
Social Mediap. 382
Commitment to Historyp. 384
Conclusionp. 386
Chapter Related Filmsp. 390
Chapter Related Booksp. 390
Academy Awards for Best Documentary Featurep. 391
The National Film Registryp. 401
Indexp. 407
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